Free LSAT Logic Games Explanations | Advanced Linear

Free LSAT Logic Games Explanations | Advanced LinearMy free Advanced Linear Logic Game about monkeys in space has been without a complete setup explanation for far too long. Several of you have rightfully hounded me about this shameful omission, so here you go:






The description of the main diagram states:

The seats are in consecutive rows that are numbered 1, 2, 3, and 4 from front to back. Each row contains exactly two seats: a seat with a window facing the sun and a seat with a window facing the moon.
Normally, I'd put the numbers 1, 2, 3, and 4 as the "base" (running horizontally). However, because the term "rows" typically describes sets of variables that are horizontal (as anyone who regularly uses Microsoft Excel can tell you), I'm going to make the numbers run vertically on the diagram.

The description gives us the following:
LSAT Blog Free Logic Games Explanations Advanced Linear Basic Diagram










If you want to do make your numbers run horizontally that's perfectly fine. You'll just have to rotate everything 90 degrees as punishment for diagramming contrary to the way I do things.

Additionally, the placement of S on the left and M on the right is arbitrary.

Now, the rules, starting with the 1st rule:

E's window never faces the sun, but D's window always faces the sun.
Since E doesn't face the sun, it must face the moon. Put E below the moon column. Put D below the sun column.

The 2nd rule:
F sits in row 1 or row 2, but neither row 2 nor row 3 can contain D.
Place F with a slash through it next to rows 3 and 4, and D with a slash through it next to rows 2 and 3.

What you have should look something like this:
LSAT Blog Free Logic Games Explanations Advanced Linear First 2 Rules












The next rule is a bit tricky to diagram:

B sits in the row immediately behind D's row.
Thing is, they may not be in the same column (facing the same thing). 2 quick inferences we can make are that D's not in row 4, and B's not in row 1 (otherwise, how could B go behind D?). Since we already know D isn't in rows 2 or 3, it must be in 1. Since B's in the row immediately behind D's, it must be in row 2.

Here's one way you might want to diagram the rule itself (along with the new inferences included on the diagram):
LSAT Blog Free Logic Games Explanations Advanced Linear Third Rule











Of course we no longer need the indications of the rows that D and B aren't going in, since we know exactly which rows they are going in. We now know that D must go in S1. I'll erase the redundant information in the next pictured version of the diagram.

For now, the next rule:

If B's window faces the sun, then A's window faces the moon.
We can simply say, Bs -> Am.

The contrapositive would be:
If A's window does not face the moon, then B's window does not face the sun.
However, if A's window is not facing the moon, we know it must be facing the sun. Similarly, if B's window is not facing the sun, it must be facing the moon.

As such, rather than writing the contrapositive in negative terms, we can write it in positive ones:
If A's window faces the sun, then B's window faces the moon.
Diagrammed, this gives us: As -> Bm

We can simply write both of these conditional statements to the side of the diagram.

The next rule:
If D sits in row 1, then G sits in row 4.
Although this is a conditional statement, we already know through our inferences that D must, in fact, be in row 1. As such, since the sufficient condition of this rule must always be met, the necessary condition must always be met as well. We know with certainty that G must be on 4. Therefore, we should place G next to row 4.

We now have the following:
LSAT Blog Free Logic Games Explanations Advanced Linear With More Rules












However, we can actually make two main diagrams, based upon whether B's window faces the sun or moon:













Now, when B faces the sun, we know A faces the moon, so we can go ahead and place A under the moon column in that particular diagram.

Now, the final rule:
If B sits in the same row as F, then G's window faces the sun.
We already knew F couldn't be in either of rows 3 or 4. Now, we also know that when it's in row 2 (since B's always in 2), we'll get even more information.

We can diagram this rule as the following:






Every valid scenario must fall within 1 of these above 2 diagrams, and they're more than enough to move on to the questions. By creating these up-front, you give yourself more of a starting point to draw hypothetical scenarios over the course of the game for particular questions. The game is too open-ended for you to draw every scenario up-front, but these diagrams will allow you to solve the questions more easily.

Most of you should simply move on to the questions with the diagrams that I've laid-out above. What we've done so far is enough to solve the questions without trouble.

However, if you'd like to see how it is possible to break the main diagrams apart even further (simply as an exercise), I'll show those of you are interested how to do so, below.


***


You can split each of the 2 main diagrams above into 2 more (resulting in 4 main diagrams for all the non-math whizzes out there), based upon whether F goes to row 1 or row 2 in each of those diagrams.

On the left side, where B's window faces the sun, I have F in row 1 in the top diagram and in row 2 in the bottom diagram.

On the right side, where B's window faces the moon, I have F in row 1 in the top diagram and in row 2 in the bottom diagram.

Here's what it looks like:

LSAT Blog Free Logic Games Explanations Advanced Linear 4 Main Diagrams
















Now, in the bottom 2 diagrams, B and F are in the same row. As such, G's window must face the sun in those diagrams. In the others, we simply don't know whether G's window faces the sun or the moon.

One more inference to make: the seat in the 3rd row facing the sun is particularly limited in the two diagrams on the left.

Since A's window must face the moon in these diagrams, A can't go there in these diagrams. Additionally, none of B, D, E, F, and G can go there - B, D, F have already been placed, G must go in row 4, and E's window must always face the moon. As such, only either C or H can go in that seat on those diagrams. I'll place C/H in the 3rd seat facing the sun on both of these diagrams:

LSAT Blog Free Logic Games Explanations Advanced Linear Final 4 Main Diagrams






















Every valid scenario must fall within 1 of these 4 diagrams. By creating these up-front, you give yourself more of a starting point to draw hypothetical scenarios over the course of the game for particular questions.

Photo by donsolo



22 comments:

  1. Tough game! Got them all except #4...I think I just confused myself. I only drew two frames, so this one really taught me to utilize the space I had, and especially to USE YOUR PREVIOUS HYPOS!!

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  2. Got them all right! But it definitely took me longer than 8 minutes. Any tips on how to increase my speed without compromising accuracy?

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  3. I tried it once with my diagrams and then again with the diagram explanations but missed #4 and #6
    both times- what am I missing?

    Thanks!!!

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  4. Awesome game. Didn't do as well as I hoped but definitely learned plenty.

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  5. It took me 18 minutes to solve this game :(

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  6. Tough but good game! Got them all right but I agree with the previous comment, definitely took longer than the 8 minuntes.

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  7. lol, i barely made the setup.

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  8. I tried this game after I had a very hard time on the game 3 of PT 36, and I barely made a setup and got all right.

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  9. Don't know if anyone still reads these comments, but quick question: for the last rule, is the contra-positive?

    ~Gs --> ~BF/~FB
    Gm --> ~BF/~FB

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    Replies
    1. If G sits by the sun then I dont believe it necessarily has to be BF or FB

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  10. This comment has been removed by the author.

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  11. I noticed several of the questions can be answered or made easier by referencing the correct answer to number 1. But I can't figure out a simple way to do number four...... is it just a brute force type question where I need to try several of the answer choices in order to get to the correct choice?

    I was able to eliminate a) by referencing number 1 but thats about it.

    Any help?

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    Replies
    1. For #4, one of B and A must face the moon. So just choose the one that doesn't have either.

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    2. Also with diagramming I got that C can only face the sun

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  12. I'm a little confused about this rule: If B's window faces the sun, then A's window faces the moon.

    Does that necessarily mean the opposite? If B's window faces the moon, can A's window also face the moon?

    Thanks for this site! I'm addicted!

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  13. Can any one explain #4? How can E be part of the list that is not on the moon side? It's one of the rules...

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    Replies
    1. It's the order of the list, not necessarily that E can't be on the side of the moon. Hope that helps.

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  14. Can you explain the if ~Bs ---> ~Am contrapositive.

    I don't understand why they can't BOTH be on the moon side (Bm and Am).

    I got all the questions, but I don't want to be overlooking a broader concept.

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  15. I guess its safe to say a lot of people got 4 wrong or had a problem with it.

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  16. Michelle L HarrisApril 13, 2017 at 9:12 PM

    That was a fun game! Your first two basic linear games helped prepare me for this one. Your awesome teaching and great techniques helped me to get all 6 questions correct! Please keep up the great work!! :)

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